Tens of thousands of people have taken to the streets of Myanmar’s cities to denounce this week’s coup and demand the release of elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi despite a blockade on the internet by the junta.
In an upwelling of anger in the country’s largest city, Yangon, protesters on Saturday chanted, “Military dictator, fail, fail; Democracy, win, win” and held banners reading “Against military dictatorship”.
Bystanders offered them food and water.
Many in the crowds wore red, the colour of Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) which won November 8 elections in a landslide, a result the generals have refused to recognise, claiming fraud.
Thousands marched on Yangon’s City Hall.
Drivers honked horns and leaned out of their cars and raised the three-finger salute, a gesture returned by protesters.
Some of them held up NLD flags or pictures of Suu Kyi and clapped and danced.
By evening, the protesters had mostly dispersed.
But for a fifth night, a cacophony rose in the darkness as people banged on pots, pans and drums in a show of resistance even as power cuts affected many districts of the city.
Thousands more took to the streets in Myanmar’s second city Mandalay and its military-built capital Naypyidaw, home to the country’s government servants, where demonstrators chanted anti-coup slogans and called for Suu Kyi’s release.
The protests built despite a blockade of the internet imposed after demonstrators first began to gather.
All day, the state-run broadcaster MRTV showed scenes praising the military.
Monitoring group NetBlocks Internet Observatory reported a “national-scale internet blackout,” saying on Twitter that connectivity had fallen to 16 per cent of usual levels.
The junta did not respond to requests for comment.
It extended a social media crackdown to Twitter and Instagram after seeking to silence dissent by blocking Facebook, which counts half of the population as users.
Facebook urged the junta to unblock social media.
“At this critical time, the people of Myanmar need access to important information and to be able to communicate with their loved ones,” Facebook’s head of public policy for Asia-Pacific emerging countries, Rafael Frankel, said in a statement.
The United Nations human rights office said on Twitter that “internet and communication services must be fully restored to ensure freedom of expression and access to information”.
Norwegian mobile network provider Telenor ASA said authorities had ordered all mobile operators to temporarily shut down the data network, although voice and SMS services remained open.
Myanmar civil society groups appealed to internet providers to resist the junta’s orders, saying in a joint statement they were “essentially legitimising the military’s authority”.
Telenor said it regretted the impact of the shutdown on the people of Myanmar but said it was bound by local law and its first priority was the safety of its local workers.
Army chief Min Aung Hlaing seized power alleging fraud, although the electoral commission says it has found no evidence of widespread irregularities in the November vote.
The junta announced a one-year state of emergency and has promised to hand over power after new elections, without giving a timeframe.
Nobel Peace laureate Suu Kyi, 75, has been charged with illegally importing six walkie-talkies while ousted President Win Myint is accused of flouting COVID-19 restrictions.
Neither has been seen since the coup.
Their lawyer said they were being held in their homes.
Sean Turnell, an Australian economic adviser to Suu Kyi, said in a message to Reuters on Saturday he was being detained.
Australia’s government, without naming Turnell, said it had summoned the Myanmar ambassador to register “deep concern” over the arbitrary detention of Australian and other foreign citizens in Myanmar.
A civil disobedience movement has been building in Myanmar all week, with doctors and teachers among those refusing to work.
Every night people bang pots and pans in a show of anger.
The protests in Yangon would resume on Sunday, demonstrators said.
One, who asked not to be named, said: “We will go and protest again tomorrow. If they arrest one person, we will try to pile in and fill up the truck as a group.”